Earthquake faults may also result in offset stream channels and sag ponds, water that collects in the depression along a strike-slip fault line. The earthquake that happened off the coast of Chile was of tectonic origin at a subduction zone. Definition of Earthquake: "The shaking of the Earth by seismic waves radiating away from a disturbance, most commonly a fault movement." The recent Earth-axis jolt may have been the result of stress buildup from a magnitude 9.5 quake that struck Chile in 1960, scientists announced in … It is referred to as the "Great Chilean Earthquake" and the "1960 Valdivia Earthquake." It is a result of the passage of seismic waves through the ground, and ranges from quite gentle in small earthquakes to incredibly violent in large earthquakes. Abstract . Ground shaking is the most familiar effect of earthquakes. VALDIVIA, CHILE MAY 22 1960: THE LARGEST EARTHQUAKE EVER RECORDED, RESULTS IN HAZARDOUS TSUNAMI & LANDSLIDES. In the 27 March 1964 Alaskan earthquake, for example, strong ground shaking lasted for as much as 7 minutes! By far the largest effect of earthquakes in the hydrosphere is the tsunami, which means “harbor wave” in Japanese. Plate … The immediate short term effect of the japan earthquake 2011 was the massive tsunami that occurred after a few minutes.

Other earthquakes in recorded history may have been larger; however, this is the largest earthquake that has occurred since accurate estimates of magnitude became possible in the early 1900s. Darwin was on shore near Valdivia, ... Darwin spent the next weeks investigating the effects of the earthquake. He found that rocks lined with … 2010 Chile Earthquake Born in 1960? Huge earthquake hits Chile On May 21, 1960, the first tremor of a series hits Valdivia, Chile.

The United States Geological Survey reports this event as the "largest earthquake of the 20th Century." By the time they end, the quakes and their aftereffects kill 5,000 people and leave another 2 …