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Venera 3, a Soviet probe launched from Kazakhstan on November 15, 1965, collides with Venus, the second planet from the sun. Venera 4 - Soviet Venus Probe - 1967 Venera 3 - Soviet Venus Lander (Contact Lost) - 1965 Venera 2 - Soviet Venus Flyby (System Failed) - 1965 Venera 1 - Soviet Venus Flyby (Contact Lost) - 1961. Caltech had a seminar a few years back where one of the talks discussed Venus mission options, including surface landers. Venera-9 descends and lands.

Venera 3 successfully left Earth orbit carrying a small 3-foot (0.9-meter) diameter 683-pound (310-kilogram) landing capsule to explore the Venusian atmosphere and transmit data on pressure, temperature, and composition of the Venusian atmosphere back to Earth during the descent by parachute. Immediately after its closest rendezvous with the planet, the main propulsion unit onboard the orbiter fired injecting the spacecraft into a 1,510 by 112,200-kilometer orbit around Venus, with the inclination 34.10 degrees and the rotation period of 48 hours 18 minutes. Other Planetary Missions Venus Home Page NSSDCA Planetary Home Page . Posted by Rover at 5:21 AM.
The Soviets sent quite a few Venera probes to Venus, of which the longest survived just over two hours. Venera 5 lasted a whole 53 minutes before crumpling like a soda can; Venera 6, 51 minutes. Venera-9 descends and lands 1975 October 22: After 126 days in transit, the Venera-9 orbiter encountered Venus. In October 1967, Venera 4 lasted barely long enough to get a message back to Earth before it imploded. Venera 2 launched on November 12, 1965, but also suffered a telemetry failure after leaving … Attempts to contact Venera 3 after it was last heard from on February 16 were also unsuccessful. Venera 7 launched 45 years ago on Aug. 17, 1970 and ultimately became the first spacecraft ever to send data from the surface of Venus. How long did the rover's sent to Venus last? Immediately after its closest rendezvous with the planet, the main propulsion unit onboard the orbiter fired injecting the spacecraft into a 1,510 by 112,200-kilometer orbit around Venus, with the inclination 34.10 degrees and the rotation period of 48 hours 18 minutes. Based on tracking information, there is little doubt that Venera 3 entered the Venusian atmosphere at 06:56 UT on March 1, 1966 somewhere on the night side near the terminator between 20°S and 20°N latitude and 60°E and 80°E longitude.

Although Venera 3 failed in its Most of the probes survived less than an hour. Venera 1 was never heard from again.

Not only did the Soviet probe fail to operate all the way to Venus, it did not even break the communication distance record of 36.2 million kilometers set eight months earlier by the American interplanetary probe, Pioneer 5 (see “Vintage Micro: The First Interplanetary Probe”). Author/Curator: Dr. David R. Williams, dave.williams@nasa.gov NSSDCA, Mail Code 690.1 NASA …

Venera 7 (Russian: Венера-7, meaning Venus 7) was a Soviet spacecraft, part of the Venera series of probes to Venus.When it landed on the Venusian surface on 15 December 1970, it became the first spacecraft to soft land on another planet and first to transmit data from there back to Earth.

During the outbound trajectory, ground controllers successfully performed a mid-course …
Venera 4 (Russian: Венера-4 meaning Venera 4), also designated 4V-1 No.310 was a probe in the Soviet Venera program for the exploration of Venus.The probe comprised an entry probe, designed to enter the Venus atmosphere and parachute to the surface, and a carrier/flyby spacecraft, which carried the entry probe to Venus and served as a communications relay for the entry probe. 1975 October 22: After 126 days in transit, the Venera-9 orbiter encountered Venus.

It was clear that if the Russians wanted to land anything on the surface of Venus that had a hope of sending a signal before it either melted or was crushed into scrap metal, they were going to need a heavy-duty … Venera 13, a Soviet spacecraft part of the Venera program, was the first lander to transmit color images from the surface of Venus.

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