Landsat 8 band designations for the Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) The Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) is an optical multispectral push-broom sensor with a focal plane consisting of over 7000 detectors per spectral band. Each range is called a band, and Landsat 8 has 11 bands. Similarly, as with any picture bands, you can arrange them in such a way to extract unique and new information.

Landsat 8 measures different ranges of frequencies along the electromagnetic spectrum – a color, although not necessarily a color visible to the human eye. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. Here’s a rundown of some common band combinations applied to Landsat 8, displayed as a red, green, blue (RGB): Natural Color. False Color (urban) 7 6 4. NDVI is delivered a single band product, specified as shown in the table below. Color Infrared (vegetation) 5 4 3. Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) images consist of nine spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7 and 9. New band 9 is useful for cirrus cloud detection. In Landsat 4-7, NDVI = (Band 4 – Band 3) / (Band 4 + Band 3).

Landsat numbers its red, green, and blue sensors as 4, 3, and 2, so when we combine them we get a true-color image such as this one: In Landsat 8, NDVI = (Band 5 – Band 4) / (Band 5 + Band 4). On-board Landsat-8, OLI generates 9 spectral bands (Band 1 to 9). Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS) Landsat MSS 1, 2, 3 Spectral Bands Landsat MSS 4, 5 Spectral Bands Wavelength Useful for mapping; Band 4 - green: Band 1 - green: 0.5-0.6: Sediment-laden water, delineates areas of shallow water: Band 5 - red: Band 2 - red: 0.6-0.7: Cultural features: Band 6 - Near Infrared: Band 3 - Near Infrared: 0.7-0.8 Then, the panchromatic band has a finer resolution of 15 meters.

Landsat 8 bands from the OLI sensor are coastal, blue, green, red, NIR, SWIR-1, SWIR-2 and cirrus.

Landsat 8 Band Combinations. This is the case by extracting spectral signatures of objects in an image.

4 3 2. These 8 bands have a ground resolution of 30 meters. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. Agriculture. Landsat Surface Reflectance-derived Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Specifications. New band 1 (ultra-blue) is useful for coastal and aerosol studies. Each of the individual imaging detectors contributes one column of pixels to an image.

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