1/18 Israel-Gaza conflict. In pictures: Israel-Gaza conflict - summer 2014. A spike in Israeli casualties also occurred. Timeline of the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict.Over 2014, Palestinians suffered the highest number of civilian casualties since the Six-Day War in 1967, according to a United Nations report, given the July–August conflict, and rising tolls in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Background. The 2014 Israel-Gaza Conflict refers to the ongoing violent military conflict between the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and the Palestinian militants, including the Hamas, following a series of escalations in the disputed territories of the Gaza Strip in July 2014. Both Israel and Palestinian militants may have committed war crimes during the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict, UN investigators say. The Gaza Strip, sandwiched between Israel and Egypt, has been a recurring flashpoint in the Israel-Palestinian conflict for years. Operation Brother's Keeper .