Destruction was massive all over northeast India and 6,000 people lost their lives. It had a moment magnitude of 8.6 and hence was in the same league as the Great Chile Earthquake, with its magnitude of 9.5, ten years later or the Tohoku-oki quake off the coast of Honshu in 2011, for which … The 1897 Assam Earthquake On 12 June, 1897, the Shillong plateau in the Assam region of northeast India was hit by an earthquake with a magnitude larger than 8, killing over 1500 people.
Introduction [2] The Shillong Plateau is seismically much active and bounded by major tectonic features in the geologically complex region of northeastern part of India ().The northwestern edge of the plateau was the source area for the 1897 great earthquake M s 8.7 [Richter, 1958]. In addition to the extreme shaking, there were floods when the rivers rose high after the earthquake bringing down sand, mud, trees, and all kinds of debris. The Assam earthquake of 1897 occurred on 12 June in Assam at 17:15 local time, India, and had an estimated moment magnitude of 8.0. But it turned out that the Great Assam Earthquake, which struck 67 years ago today, was among the ten strongest quakes since seismic measurements began more than a hundred years ago. This earthquake was at least an 8.1! Considering the size of the earthquake, the mortality rate was not that high, with about 1,542 casualties, but property damage was very heavy. The Assam earthquake of 1897 occurred on 12 June in Assam at 17:15 local time, India, and had an estimated moment magnitude of 8.0. Richard Oldham, son of Thomas Oldham and then Director of the Geological Survey of India, studied the areas affected by this earthquake and analysed the graphs of seismic (earthquake) waves. The Assam Earthquake On August 15, 1897, more than 1538 people died. This was largely due to enormous Thought to have happened 20 miles (32 km) underground, it left 150,000 square miles (390,000 km 2) of masonry buildings in ruins and was felt over 250,000 square miles (650,000 km 2) from Burma to New Delhi.There were very many aftershocks. … Pilots flying over the meizoseismal area reported great changes in topography. A violent earthquake of magnitude 8.7 struck northeast India in 1897. The cause was one of the biggest blind earthquakes in the world.
1. The Assam earthquake of 1897 occurred on June 12, 1897 in Assam, British Raj, and had an estimated magnitude of 8.1M w [1].. Plateau Pop-up during the 1897 Assam earthquake Roger Bilham * † and Philip England † . Geophysical Journal International, 203, pp.459–474. Considering the size of the earthquake, the mortality rate was about 1,542 casualties, but property damage was very heavy. The Assam Earthquake of 1897 was investigated in thorough detail by Oldham who published a book (9) on it in 1899 bringing forth several hypotheses to explain its origin. The great Assam Earthquake of 1897 (8 < M < 8.1) is the largest known Indian intraplate earthquake. Bilham, R. and P. England, Plateau pop-up during the great 1897 Assam earthquake. Out of the earth, which was open for 5 days, came columns of steam and superheated liquid. The shock was more damaging in Assam, in terms of property loss, than the earthquake of 1897. This book is considered as the initiation of the study of engineering aspects of earthquakes in India (11). Late Holocene uplift of Rhodes, Greece: evidence for a large tsunamigenic earthquake and the implications for the tectonics of the eastern Hellenic Trench System. Destruction was massive all over northeast India and 6,000 people lost their lives. In accordance with the orders of the Government of India, the book dealt with the earthquake from a purely scientific point of view.

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